11 Thermal Physics

TEMPERATURE SCALE
11.1.1 Empirical Scale
11.1.2 Absolute Scale

KINETIC THEORY
11.2.1 Kinetic Theory of Matter
11.2.2 Temperature, Heat and Thermal Equilibrium
11.2.3 Specific Heat and Latent Heat

IDEAL GAS
11.3.1 Ideal Gas
11.3.2 Equation of State for an Ideal Gas
11.3.3 Root-mean-square Speed
11.3.4 Pressure of an Ideal Gas
11.3.5 Internal Energy of an Ideal Gas

FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS
11.4.1 Heat and Work
11.4.2 First Law of Thermodynamics
11.4.3 P-V Diagram

THERMODYNAMIC PROCESSES
11.5.1 Thermodynamic Processes
11.5.2 Isobaric
11.5.3 Isochoric
11.5.4 Isothermal
11.5.5 Adiabatic
11.5.6 Path Dependence
11.5.7 Cyclic Process

APPENDIX
Appendix A: Degree of Freedom
Appendix B: Otto Cycle