18 Nuclear

ATOMIC STRUCTURE
18.1.1 Rutherford Alpha-Particle Scattering Experiment
18.1.2 Neutrons Protons Electrons
18.1.3 Nuclides

NUCLEAR BINDING
18.2.1 Mass-Energy Equivalence
18.2.2 Mass Defect and Binding Energy

NUCLEAR REACTIONS
18.3.0 Energy of Nuclear Reactions
18.3.1 Nuclear Fusion
18.3.2 Nuclear Fission
18.3.3 Binding Energy per Nucleon

RADIOACTIVITY
18.4.1 Alpha Decay
18.4.2 Beta Decay
18.4.3 Gamma Decay
18.4.4 Properties of Radiation
18.4.5 Activity
18.4.6 Background Radiation

BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS
18.5 Biological Effects of Radiation

APPENDIX
18.A: Einstein’s Equations
18.B: Nuclear Force
18.C: Magic Numbers
18.D: Segre chart
18.E: Geiger-Muller Counter